Urinbeschau im Mittelalter
Kidney
KontaktImpressumSitemap|

Languages

Seiten auf Deutsch russkii English language

updateted 29.01.2016

Kidney diseases, treatment ...

  • Location and Function

    The kidneys lie behind the peritoneum next to the spine and below the diaphragm. They are bean-shaped, reddish brown and about 11 inches long.

    Functions:

    • Excretion of uric substances from metabolism (uric acid, urea, creatinine) and toxic substances
      (for example drugs)
    • Regulation of water balance in the body
    • Regulation of blood pressure
    • Regulation of acid-base balance in the body
    • Regulation of the content of the minerals dissolved in the blood(electrolytes): sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, bicarbonate.
    • Participation in the formation of sugar (gluconeogenesis)
    • Hormone production:
    • Renin –  regulation of blood pressure
    • Vitamin D - metabolism of calcium
    • Erythropoietin - hematopoiesis
    • more (prostaglandins, kinins)
    Gray-Topographie-Niere-modifiziert
    mod. nach H. Gray:  Anatomy of the Human Body
  • Diagnostics
  • Benign diseases
  • Malignant diseases
  • Treatment options
Urology   The Team   Treatment options   Informations   Ambulance   Info-Studenten   Kontakt   Impressum