Urinbeschau im Mittelalter


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updateted 29.01.2016

Kidney diseases, treatment ...

  • Location and Function

    The kidneys lie behind the peritoneum next to the spine and below the diaphragm. They are bean-shaped, reddish brown and about 11 inches long.


    • Excretion of uric substances from metabolism (uric acid, urea, creatinine) and toxic substances
      (for example drugs)
    • Regulation of water balance in the body
    • Regulation of blood pressure
    • Regulation of acid-base balance in the body
    • Regulation of the content of the minerals dissolved in the blood(electrolytes): sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, bicarbonate.
    • Participation in the formation of sugar (gluconeogenesis)
    • Hormone production:
    • Renin –  regulation of blood pressure
    • Vitamin D - metabolism of calcium
    • Erythropoietin - hematopoiesis
    • more (prostaglandins, kinins)
    mod. nach H. Gray:  Anatomy of the Human Body
  • Diagnostics
  • Benign diseases
  • Malignant diseases
  • Treatment options
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